The term “nadeshiko” refers to a flower which has come to symbolize the personification of an idealized Japanese woman. During the final days of World War II, young women (referred to as the Nadeshiko) were enlisted by the Japanese army to comfort Kamikaze pilots before their final mission. www.bit.ly/nadeshikotix
First up, a clarification of terms.
“Kamikaze” (which literally means “divine wind” or “spirit wind”) and was the moniker of the “Tokubetsu Kōgekitai” (“Special Attack Unit”), which is abbreviated as “Tokkō Tai”. “Tokkō” is the verb for the attack made by this special unit, namely flying piloted aircraft into enemy ships laden with some combination of explosives, bombs, fuel tanks, etc.
What attacks was Toshio directly involved in?
Toshio was most likely in a tokko attack launched from Chiran in late April or May 1945, when kamikaze supported Japanese naval and land forces in the Battle of Okinawa, a series of battles on Ryukyu Islands (the islands south of mainland Japan). Between the American landing on 1 April and 25 May, seven major kamikaze attacks were attempted, involving more than 1,500 planes. Between kamikaze and other supporting air forces, Japan lost 1,430 aircraft.
3) How were Kamikaze soldiers recruited?
As noted in Mako Sasaki’s paper, Who Became Kamikaze Pilots, and How Did They Feel Towards Their Suicide Mission, published in The Concord Review, some men were recruited to the program by way of a simple questionnaire. The questionnaire comprised of a single multi-choice question that asked: “Do you desire earnestly/wish/do not wish to be involved in kamikaze attacks?” All the men had to do was circle the statement they most agreed with. The kicker being that although the men were free to say they didn’t want to take part, they still had to sign their name to it. As Sasaki points out, the pressure on young men to do something for their country during that time was significant, and the threat of retaliation if you said no was very real, as was the fear that there would potentially be retaliation against not only the soldier, but his family back home.
According to Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney, in Kamikaze Diaries, other methods of encouraging men to volunteer included putting them in a room filled with their peers. After a lengthy speech on patriotism, it was asked that anyone who didn’t wish to be a kamikaze step forward. As you can imagine, volunteering by default in this way was extremely effective. Beyond any loyalty to country and emperor, few would want to appear so cowardly, or endure the shame of not being willing to die when their fellow soldiers were giving their own lives to protect their homeland, both those present when volunteers were being asked for and ultimately those who’d already fulfilled their suicide missions. This latter point was frequently written about in the letters and journals from many of the volunteers as to why they ultimately chose to do so.
What happened to the few men that said no? According to Emiko:
“If a soldier had managed to be courageous enough not to volunteer, he would have been consigned to a living hell. Any soldier who refused would become persona non grata or be sent to the southern battlefield, where death was guaranteed. Some soldiers actually managed to say no, but their refusal was disregarded. Kuroda Kenjirō decided not to volunteer, only to be taken by surprise when he found his name on the list of volunteers for the Mitate Navy tokkōtai corps; his superior had reported proudly that all the members of his corps had volunteered.”
Camgirl (Cam-girl, chat model, or cam-whore) is an Internet term for women who are featured on webcams. The word is used for women who earn money by broadcasting, entertaining, and performing on webcams either from homes or studios.
1) How is cam girling trending? Is it on the rise?
A good barometer of this kind of thing is Google searches. There has been a steady increase into searches for “cam girl” and “webcam model” worldwide and in the U.S. since 2004. In the U.S. searches for “Asian” with “cam girl” has jumped 110% since 2004; 350% worldwide.
2) Is cam girling a gateway into other sexual acts such as light prostitution? Is there any statistical evidence?
Haven’t found anything on this yet, but I’ll keep looking. The sense I get from reading interviews is that they’re not a ton of overlap, but I’ll look for some more legit research than that.
3) What happens to women who aren’t good at being a cam girl?
It seems like even in this somewhat shady arena, the economics play out like they would in any other market: cam girls that don’t succeed at camming have to move on to other sources of income.